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Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world. Given its relatively small land-mass, large (and growing) population and heavy dependence on fuel wood, it is also an increasingly energy-stressed country. Its forest resources are under significant pressure due to deforestation, as electricity and gas are only intermittently available and considered to be expensive for cooking. EnDev Malawi works to enhance a financially sustainable market for improved cookstoves in urban and peri-urban areas. At the same time, it has implemented a picoPV component. In the future, the project seeks to increasingly support the pro-poor social cash transfer scheme of its improved cookstove component.

Technologies used in this project

  • Improved cookstoves
  • Stand-alone systems

Country data

  • People with access to electricity: 92,622*
  • People with access to improved cooking services: 1,456,830*
  • SIs with access to modern energy services: 26*
  • *Achievements until December 2022
The Moses stove producers: successful and respected


The overall project strategy is to enhance a financially sustainable market for improved cookstoves in urban and peri-urban areas of Malawi, by strengthening the supply and demand side.

On the supply side, EnDev Malawi enhances the capacities of craftsmen producing the energy efficient cookstove “Chitetezo Mbaula” by EnDev-ProBEC. EnDev Malawi links production and demand by acting as an interface between predominantly rural, informal small scale producers and urban, formal sales outlet chains and organising transportation of stoves to urban areas. Thus, EnDev facilitates the creation of a sustainable distribution system for fuel-saving firewood stoves in the major urban and peri-urban areas of Malawi.

In the first half of 2015, a results-based financing (RBF) scheme supports access to modern cooking energy for poor and vulnerable groups, especially aimed at rural areas. RBF incentives will be paid to rural sales agents after results are achieved, i.e. stoves sold, thus stimulating a rural ICS market.

Learn more about EnDev´s approach
Volunteer mothers are cooking for school children in Malawi on large rocket stoves.
Mothers cooking for school children. Credit: Christa Roth.

In EnDev’s cooking component in Malawi, women make up 80% of all workers employed by local ICS producers. Based on that, gender-specific tools were introduced which require less physical strength, and therefore allow female workers to achieve the same results as male workers. Learn more about EnDev’s gender activities here.

Energy Access through Demand-Side Subsidies

Funded by the Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, EnDev’s Energy Access through Demand-Side Subsidies component seeks to develop and pilot Demand Side Subsidy (DSS) mechanisms to facilitate access to modern energy services for vulnerable populations who are currently unable to access commercial off-grid solar and cooking markets.

In Malawi, the DSS pilot aims to bridge the affordability gap for the poorest sections of society, as classified by the Government of Malawi’s United Beneficiary Registry (UBR). The pilot will utilize a results-based financing (RBF) modality and operate within select rural districts.

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Further information

Other projects

  • Mali

    EnDev has helped provide basic electricity services to households. In the current project phase, it promotes improved biomass energy technologies for cooking.

  • Kenya

    EnDev promotes improved cookstoves, its partner SNV facilitates access to off-grid electricity. Both sectors are supported with results-based financing projects.

  • Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal

    The project is contributing to reducing Green House Gas emissions and improving people’s living conditions.