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Mozambique is one of the poorest nations in the world. Only a quarter of the population has access to electricity and only 4% of the inhabitants are using clean cooking energy. In rural areas, access rates are even lower. EnDev Mozambique supports households in gaining access to the national grid, helps to bring quality photovoltaic products to the markets and strengthens the dissemination of improved cookstoves. It pilots innovative results-based approaches that also provide gender incentives, thereby enhancing the development of self-sustaining markets. Also, EnDev supports the government in creating a national monitoring platform for energy access.

Technologies used in this project

  • Grid
  • Hydro mini-grids
  • Improved cookstoves
  • Stand-alone systems

Country data

  • People with access to electricity: 229,300*
  • People with access to modern cooking energy: 330,800*
  • SME´s with access to modern energy services: 50*
  • SI´s with access to modern energy services: 9*
  • *Target achievements until December 2019


Grid densification

Poor households in peri-urban areas located close to existing low-voltage power lines are supported to gain access to the national grid. EnDev Mozambique works through agreements with Electricidade de Mocambique (EdM) on grid densification in selected areas. In a second step EdM subcontracts local companies to connect a certain number of preselected new customers. EnDev offers a one-time subsidy to poor households reducing the connection costs while at the same time creating awareness, supporting credit-based payment schemes and fostering energy efficiency with the use of efficient light bulbs.

Solar systems

In the field of small solar products (picoPV) and solar home systems (SHS) the project works closely with the private sector on all levels along the value chain. Technical and business training is offered to importers, wholesalers and retailers of solar products while networking and business relationships are facilitated between them. One focus is to unlock import capacity to bring a wider range of quality products to the markets. At the same time, efforts are being made to support new distribution channels reaching out into rural areas with new partners, where EnDev´s role is to assist the private sector with overcoming initial market entry barriers and developing last-mile distribution channels.

Improved cookstoves

EnDev Mozambique supports the implementation of the national Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) with a regional focus on comparatively high-populated areas in Maputo and Pemba to reduce transaction costs and make use of economies of scale. The emerging markets for improved cookstoves (ICS) are strengthened following a fully commercial approach working with local NGOs as implementers. In other words: no end-user price subsidies are granted. In a gradual process the support of the NGOs is reduced and the market is left to operate autonomously. Small entrepreneurs continue to be supported with training, awareness campaigns, marketing and access to finance options for their customers. For each implementing NGO the general approach is adjusted specific to the experiences and strengths of the respective implementer, the focus area, and target group.

Learn more about EnDev´s approach
A Mozambiquan woman and some children are standing next to a solar panel leaning against their wooden house.
Solar home system in Mozambique. Credit: Klaus Hornberger.

Further information

For more information on the energy situation in Mozambique see energypedia.

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