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Uganda meets the predominant part of its energy demand with biomass and fossil fuel combustion. Only a small minority of the population has access to electricity, especially in rural areas. The demand for firewood for cooking exceeds natural reproduction, leading to deforestation. EnDev Uganda helps to facilitate market-based energy access to climate-friendly and affordable solar and cooking energy technologies to address both gaps. A specific focus lies on reaching last-mile areas and refugee settings. All activities are implemented in close collaboration with the Ministry of Energy & Mineral Development (MEMD).

Technologies used in this project

  • Biogas
  • Grid
  • Higher-tier cookstoves
  • Improved cookstoves
  • Stand-alone systems

Country data

  • People with access to modern cooking services: 2,754,531*
  • People with access to electricity: 108,231*
  • SIs with access to modern energy services: 1,596*
  • MSMEs with access to modern energy services: 2,616*
  • *Achievements until December 2023
Sun-Powered Change: Transforming Farming in Bulindo, Uganda  


1. Cooking Energy Component

This component follows two approaches: For the first one, EnDev provides strategic market- and performance-based support to private sector cookstove companies to increase their sales and distribution outreach to reach more households and food vending SMEs with improved cooking solutions. Additional support areas include targeted business development coaching and training, and production infrastructure enhancements. To further create a favourable enabling environment, EnDev also provides policy advocacy expertise, awareness and cookstove standards support in cooperation with relevant sector associations.

2. Solar Component 

Like the cooking energy component, EnDev Uganda supports solar companies in the dissemination of Solar Home Systems (SHS) and picoPV for households, social institutions, and SMEs using the Results-based financing (RBF) as the primary mechanism. This is enhanced through tailored business development support (BDS) for solar SMEs geared towards investment readiness and business resilience. Additional aspects include policy advisory, awareness creation (including demonstration sites -demos), support to and close collaboration with relevant sector associations and a pilot linking PAYG companies to the credit reference system (CRS).

3. Refugee Component 

In addition to overall partners, the component cooperates closely with the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to facilitate and improve framework conditions for sustainable access to energy for refugees and host communities, and provide access to modern energy services and products to Ugandan and refugee households (HHs), enterprises and social institutions through market-based approaches to increase the adoption for solar PV and improved energy efficient cook stoves. Approaches include RBF, building market linkages through the energy kiosk model, enhancing local service delivery, and building capacities.

Learn more about EnDev´s approach
A Ugandan man is working on an improved cookstove made of stainless steel.
Stove factory in Uganda‘s capital Kampala. Credit: Lisa Fingerhut, GIZ.


EnDev has contributed to the creation of an average of 60 full term jobs annually. Institutions and SMEs are reporting monetary savings from using ICSs or ovens while households using ICSs also save time and money. Households and SMEs using solar home systems reported reduced expenditures on paraffin and phone charging. SHS for households allow lighting, use of radio or TV and charging mobile phones while schools and health centres benefit from improved conditions (lighting after sunset, cooling of medication etc.).

In terms of gender, EnDev Uganda follows a gender transformative approach and actively works with partners on identifying targeted activities. One example is a Ugandan manufacturer and distributor of higher tier cookstoves in constructing a new facility, where they committed themselves to employing 50% female staff. As these facilities are normally male dominated, the manufacturers underwent gender-specific training, so that both male and female workers are valued equally.

Energy Access through Demand-Side Subsidies

Funded by the Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, EnDev’s Energy Access through Demand-Side Subsidies component seeks to develop and pilot Demand Side Subsidy (DSS) mechanisms to facilitate access to modern energy services for vulnerable populations who are currently unable to access commercial off-grid solar and cooking markets.

In Uganda, the DSS pilot focuses on enabling access to quality-certified solar and cooking products for refugees and host communities as well as other vulnerable rural areas through a results-based financing (RBF) modality.

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Download the DSS Uganda Factsheet

Smart Communities Coalition Fund (SCCIF)

Funded by USAID and Power Africa, the SCCIF is a financing mechanism that was designed and set-up by EnDev to complement the activities of the Smart Communities Coalition (SCC). The SCC seeks to improve delivery of essential services to forcibly displaced individuals and host community members through energy access, connectivity, and digital tools. Through the SCCIF, EnDev is supporting six private sector-led innovative projects to advance their off grid solar enabled solutions in the settlements of Adjumani, Kiryandongo, Imvepi, Nakivale and Rwamwanja Refugee Settlements in Uganda and Kakuma Camp in Kenya.

Strengthening the Entrepreneurial Ecosystem for Clean Cooking (SEE-CC)

In close partnership with EnDev, the SEE-CC programme introduces a new private-sector approach to promote clean and affordable cooking in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Niger and Uganda.

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Sustainable energy for smallholder farmers in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda

In January 2021, the IKEA Foundation in partnership with EnDev began promotion of PUE in the dairy and horticultural value chains in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda with a total budget of EUR 8 million.

The project focuses on solar technologies and services for irrigation, cooling and drying for smallholder farmers in dairy and horticultural value chains to achieve increased productivity, improved nutritional outcomes, higher incomes, and improved climate-resilience and food security.

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Other projects

  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

    EnDev DRC has two components. It supports the production and adoption of improved wood and charcoal cookstoves.

  • Tanzania

    Together with its partner SNV, EnDev introduces appropriate cooking technology to biomass consumers. In addition, the picoPV market is supported.

  • Rwanda

    EnDev is implementing a private sector participation project for hydro power plants. Besides, it offers results-based financing for decentralised energy solutions.