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In Kenya, a large part of the domestic energy requirement is covered with traditional biomass. As many people still use inefficient three-stone-fires for cooking, the country’s firewood demand is higher than its annual supply. This deficit has led to high rates of deforestation resulting in desertification, land degradation, droughts and famine. At the same time, the electricity access rate in rural areas is still low. EnDev Kenya facilitates access to improved cookstoves to enhance clean cooking and promotes small solar systems for rural inhabitants.

Technologies used in this project

  • Improved cookstoves
  • Stand-alone systems

Country data

  • People with access to electricity 378,000*
  • People with access to modern cooking energy 9,220,000*
  • SI´s with access to modern energy services 1,800*
  • SME´s with access to modern energy services 976*
  • *Target achievements until December 2019


EnDev Kenya is composed of two core components: it facilitates access to modern cooking energy, promoting improved cookstoves (ICS) as well as to off-grid electrification, promoting small solar systems (picoPV) for the rural and peri-urban population.

The first component aims at enhancing adoption and usage of improved cookstoves (ICS) by establishing sustainable market structures, including production, marketing, installation and end-use of improved stoves. EnDev Kenya supports individuals, institutions or groups involved in the market of energy saving technology by providing training in technical and business skills. ICSs are much more efficient and resource-friendly than traditional stoves. If the ICSs are used correctly they save 40-50% of the firewood, compared to traditional three-stone fires.

For more effectiveness in the promotion and uptake of improved cookstoves, EnDev Kenya cooperates with a growing number of government departments, non-governmental organisations and private sector actors. EnDev Kenya is strongly involved in the coordination of the stove sector in Kenya and supports the Clean Cooking Alliance of Kenya which is also supported by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. It implements the Kenya Country Action Plan by all its members, NGOs, pivate sector, research, governmental organisations.

The second component of EnDev Kenya facilitates access to off-grid electricity: Since mid-2012, EnDev Kenya supports high-quality, affordable and energy-efficient picoPV systems in rural areas. EnDev Kenya aims to establish and strengthen sustainable and commercially viable supply and distribution models for picoPV products particularly in rural areas. The implementation partner of the picoPV activities is SNV, the Netherlands Development Organisation.

Since 2014, three results-based financing (RBF) projects are implemented under EnDev Kenya. The picoPV RBF aims at building sustainable and affordable credit lines for small solar systems in rural areas in Kenya and is implemented by GIZ. The RBF project for mini-grid supports market creation for private sector operated solar-hybrid mini-grids in Kenya, also implemented by GIZ. The higher tier cookstove market acceleration RBF project is implemented by SNV. It provides incentives to financial institutions to promote financing schemes for advanced, higher tier cookstoves. All three RBF projects are designed to support the sector and complement existing EnDev interventions (as well as to ProSolar, a project of the Deutsche Klima-Technologie Initiative).

Learn more about EnDev´s approach


The Kenyan stove sector is developing rapidly with upcoming new actors (private as well as public) and new technology. The stove business created employment in the production, marketing and installation sector. Particularly women gain independence as they engage in ICS activities. The use of ICS leads to better working conditions, less exposure to smoke and therefore improved health. Due to improved cookstoves in Kenya, about half a million tonnes of firewood and over 572,000 tonnes of CO2 are saved annually.

For its solar component, EnDev identified and trained new LMEs. Together with its partners, the project built 13 technical training institutions to provide training for solar technicians, and has supported a total of 450 active LMEs in promotional and consumer education events. EnDev Kenya is also in its first stage to implement the RBF parts of the component which started in 2015.

Stove installer Lydia Wangui Kimany from Bibironi: “Until 2009, I was an ordinary farmer struggling to nourish my family. Now, with my new job as an installer of clean stoves, I earn enough money to pay for food, school tuition and can even repair my house!“

A Kenyan man produces improved cookstoves out of clay.
Cookstove production in Kenya. Credit: GACC.

Funding proposal to the GCF: Environmental and Social Assesment

The EnDev Partnership, through the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, is submitting a funding proposal for the project “Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking in Kenya and Senegal” to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The aim of the project is to accelerate the growth of a sustainable market for affordable, high quality improved cookstoves, so that more households can benefit from easier cooking and consume less firewood and charcoal, and reduce GHG emissions. The project has been committed to an Environmental and Social Assessment to verify its compliance with the environmental and social policies of the GCF and of GIZ. This Environmental and Social Assessment is disclosed for public information 30 days in advance of the date of the decision of the GCF Board.

  • Green Climate Fund (GCF) Disclosure: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
  • Project title: Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal
  • Countries: Kenya and Senegal
  • Date of publication: 23.01.2019
  • Environment and Social Risk Category B. Activities with potential mild adverse environmental and social risks and impacts that, individually or cumulatively, are few, generally site-specific, largely reversible and readily addressed through mitigation measures.

For comments and inquiries, please contact the Safeguards + Gender Desk: [email protected] .

The Promotion of Climate-Friendly Cooking: Kenya and Senegal – Environment and Social Impact Assessment (Green Climate Fund (GCF) Disclosure) is available for download in English and French.

Further information

For more information on the energy situation in Kenya see energypedia.

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