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Madagascar

In Madagascar, deforestation is a big issue: In 2019, 99% of the population used firewood and charcoal for cooking, while only 1% of the households were using improved stoves. This is one reason why hundreds of thousands of hectares of forest area disappear every year. As a result, the country’s biodiversity suffers. At the same time, respiratory infections are caused by the combustion of solid biomass. All this makes Madagascar a highly relevant target country for improved cookstove interventions. EnDev’s implementation partner ADES strengthens the local cookstove production capacities, offering improved stoves for households as well as social institutions and productive use.

Technologies used in this project

  • Improved cookstoves

Country data

  • People with access to modern cooking energy: 244,888*
  • SME´s with access to modern energy services: 951*
  • SI´s with access to modern energy services: 242*
  • *Achievements until December 2021
More project details by EnDev’s partner organisation
Visit ADES’ website

Approach

The project strategy is to develop an expanded local production capacity for improved cookstoves, and to ensure a sustainable market in urban and peri-urban areas in Madagascar. Implementation partner for EnDev is the Swiss NGO Association pour le Dévelopment de l’Energie Solaire (ADES). ADES is active in Madagascar since 2002.

So far, as a key intervention, EnDev co-financed the establishment of new production centres in Fianarantsoa and Antananarivo, to increase the productivity and number of assembly lines for a stove factory. Different types of the so-called OLI stoves are built, both for wood and charcoal combustion, allowing a fuel reduction of 50-65 percent per meal. Moreover, the production of metal casings was introduced in Madagascar, which previously needed to be imported from Italy. The local production resulted in decreasing overall costs and an increased employment level.

A second key intervention is the establishment of seven outlets and sustainable marketing structures in new areas of Madagascar, accompanied by awareness raising campaigns for OLI stoves, along with the initiation and the support of a professional network of independent resellers. Through that expansion, OLI stoves are now available in the entire country.

With co-financing from EnDev, ADES has been piloting modular cooking solutions in school kitchens. By switching to energy-efficient cooking solutions, the pilot project aimed to reduce fuel consumption, reduce and channel smoke emissions, and make workstations in the kitchens more ergonomic. Results show that schools participating in this project reduced their fuel consumption by up to 80 – 90 percent, spent up to 3 hours less on cooking per day and almost complete reduced harmful fumes in the kitchen.

Learn more about EnDev´s approach
Three Madagascan men are working on green metal cauldrons with a yellow line saying "ADES" on them.
Preparation of cauldrons. Credit: Friedel Ammann, ADES.

Impacts

“Three of us cook lunch for over 500 children.

Before the kitchen was rebuilt, we needed 200 kg of wood per day and had to cook for seven hours. With the new kitchen, it is only 30 kg of wood per day and the rice is ready in three hours in the BoÎte Miraculeuse! There is much less smoke, we are very happy.”

– Cook, Serena, Ecole des Saphir

Results show that schools participating in this project reduced their fuel consumption by up to 80-90 percent. Credit: Rita Bachmann, ADES

To get more impressions, see EnDev’s implementation partner ADES’ videos on the approach, on cookstove production, on environmental education and reforestation.

Other projects

  • Mali

    EnDev has helped provide basic electricity services to households. In the current project phase, it promotes improved biomass energy technologies for cooking.

    • Improved cookstoves
    • Solar mini-grids
    • Stand-alone systems
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

    EnDev DRC has two components. It supports the production and adoption of improved wood and charcoal cookstoves that are at least 40% more efficient than three stone fires or at least 30% more efficient than traditional charcoal stoves. It also supports local economic growth by helping small enterprises to use electric tools and appliances to improve the productivity of their businesses.

    • Improved cookstoves
  • Ethiopia

    EnDev promotes electrification through pico hydro power and micro hydro power plants. Besides, it helps establish a network of improved cookstove producers.

    • Hydro mini-grids
    • Improved cookstoves
    • Stand-alone systems