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Solar Power, Improved Cooking

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Technologies picoPV improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 September 2005 -
September 2009
EnDev 2 May 2012 -
November 2018
Partners Ministry of Lands, Mines and Energy / Rural Renewable Energy Agency (RREA) / Agro Action / Lighting Lives in Liberia (LLL/World Bank) / various NGOs
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 23,900 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 9,900 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 354 social institutions
  • 2,000 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Energy Situation

Energy consumption in Liberia is dominated by biomass with a share of more than 90% of the used primary energy sources. Over 95% of the population depends on firewood and charcoal for cooking needs. Approximately 70% of the urban population (85% in Monrovia) use charcoal for cooking and 5% of the rural population. Thus, 95% of the rural population uses firewood. Modern energy services based on electricity and petroleum products are predominantly used for economic activities and transportation. The use of modern energy services such as electricity, and liquefied petroleum gas for lighting, cooking, and entertainment is limited to very few higher income households in urban areas. According to the data of the government, about 10% of urban residents and less than 2% of rural residents have currently electricity access largely from self-generation with gasoline or diesel generators using expensive imported fuel. The access rate to public electricity is less than 1%.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev supports the development of a market for Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) in Liberia. Initially, charcoal stoves that are successfully disseminated in other African countries have been imported and sold at the local market. In parallel, a prototype of a low cost improved charcoal stove, specifically adjusted to the local cooking condition, has been designed, tested, and further developed. Initial testing of these stoves in households indicates that charcoal can be saved by at least 50% when using ICS. First, local craftsmen are trained in producing the stove type locally. A marketing campaign will be carried out to create awareness among the households about advantages of modern stoves.

In the area of picoPV products based on local sales agents, shops and outdoor markets, partners are - among others - solar retailers participating in the Lighting Africa programme, the GIZ “Development Oriented Emergency and Transitional Aid” programme with its local partner organisations as well as the SOS Children’s Village in Monrovia. Initiating the picoPV market works through the sale of solar lanterns based on micro credits. Further, EnDev provides training for stakeholders in the Pico PV sector.

In addition, EnDev has introduced locally built solar cocoa bean dryers among farmer groups among a newly established farmer's cooperative.

Moreover, EnDev intends to support the installation of a pilot mini-grid up to a size of 100 kW,based on hydro power or PV / diesel hybrid systems.