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Solar Power, Improved Cooking

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Technologies picoPV improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 October 2005 -
June 2009
EnDev 2 June 2009 -
February 2019
Partners Ministry of Energy and Petroleum (MoEP) / Ministry of Agriculture / Ministry of Education / Ministry of Health / NGOs / Private Sector Players / Church Organisations
Implementers GIZ, SNV
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 213,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 5,632,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 1,500 social institutions
  • 926 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Together with Barclay’s Bank Kenya EnDev is implementing an RBF project providing financial incentives (grants) to private project developers to invest in solar PV hybrid mini-grids in Turkana County. Successful developers will finance, build, own and operate mini-grids in pre-selected sites. Upon achieving the pre-agreed milestones, the successful developers will be partially compensated with the RBF incentive.The current call for proposals to interested private companies is now open until October 6, 2017. For more information please see here.


Energy Situation

Traditional biomass accounts for 97% of Kenya’s domestic energy requirement and is mainly used for cooking. The country’s firewood demand is about 3.5 million tonnes per year, while its annual supply is only around 1.5 million tonnes. This deficit has led to high rates of deforestation resulting in desertification, land degradation, droughts and famine. Especially in rural areas, the majority of the population lives in poverty and cannot afford modern energy services. Besides lacking electricity (access rate in rural areas is <25%), people still use energy inefficient three-stone-fires for cooking.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev Kenya is composed of two core components: it facilitates access to modern cooking energy, promoting improved cookstoves (ICS) as well as to off-grid electrification, promoting small solar systems (picoPV) for the rural and peri-urban population.

The first component aims at enhancing adoption and usage of improved cookstoves (ICS) by establishing sustainable market structures, including production, marketing, installation and end-use of improved stoves. EnDev Kenya supports individuals, institutions or groups involved in the market of energy saving technology by providing training in technical and business skills. ICSs are much more efficient and resource-friendly than traditional stoves. If the ICSs are used correctly they save 40-50% of the firewood, compared to traditional three-stone fires.

For more effectiveness in the promotion and uptake of improved cookstoves, EnDev Kenya cooperates with a growing number of government departments, non-governmental organisations and private sector actors. EnDev Kenya is strongly involved in the coordination of the stove sector in Kenya and supports the Clean Cooking Alliance of Kenya which is also supported by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. It implements the Kenya Country Action Plan by all its members, NGOs, pivate sector, research, governmental organisations.

The second component of EnDev Kenya facilitates access to off-grid electricity: Since mid-2012, EnDev Kenya supports high-quality, affordable and energy-efficient picoPV systems in rural areas. EnDev Kenya aims to establish and strengthen sustainable and commercially viable supply and distribution models for picoPV products particularly in rural areas. The implementation partner of the picoPV activities is SNV, the Netherlands Development Organisation.

Since 2014, three results-based financing (RBF) projects are implemented under EnDev Kenya. The picoPV RBF aims at building sustainable and affordable credit lines for small solar systems in rural areas in Kenya and is implemented by GIZ. The RBF project for mini-grid supports market creation for private sector operated solar-hybrid mini-grids in Kenya, also implemented by GIZ. The higher tier cookstove market acceleration RBF project is implemented by SNV. It provides incentives to financial institutions to promote financing schemes for advanced, higher tier cookstoves. All three RBF projects are designed to support the sector and complement existing EnDev interventions (as well as to ProSolar, a project of the Deutsche Klima-Technologie Initiative).


The Kenyan stove sector is developing rapidly with upcoming new actors (private as well as public) and new technology. The stove business created employment in the production, marketing and installation sector. Particularly women gain independence as they engage in ICS activities. The use of ICS leads to better working conditions, less exposure to smoke and therefore improved health. Due to improved cookstoves in Kenya, about half a million tonnes of firewood and over 572,000 tonnes of CO2 are saved annually.

For its solar component, EnDev identified and trained new LMEs. Together with its partners, the project built 13 technical training institutions to provide training for solar technicians, and has supported a total of 450 active LMEs in promotional and consumer education events. EnDev Kenya is also in its first stage to implement the RBF parts of the component which started in 2015.

Stove installer Lydia Wangui Kimany from Bibironi: “Until 2009, I was an ordinary farmer struggling to nourish my family. Now, with my new job as an installer of clean stoves, I earn enough money to pay for food, school tuition and can even repair my house!“

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.