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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies grid extension solar home systems (SHS) hydro power (MHP) improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 May 2005 -
June 2009
EnDev 2 April 2009 -
August 2018
Partners Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) / Rural Electrification Agency (REA) / National and local agencies / NGOs / Private companies
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 87,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 378,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 633 social institutions
  • 1,500 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Energy Situation

Uganda meets more than 93% of its energy demand with biomass, 6% with fossil fuel combustion and only 1% with electricity from hydro and fossil fuelled thermal power plants. Only about 10% of the population has access to electricity, and in rural areas, it’s less than 5%. The demand for firewood for cooking exceeds natural reproduction, leading to deforestation. Despite the quickly rising electricity demand, generation capacities have shrunk. Further electricity transmission is inefficient and the country suffers a lack of power import channels. This leads to regular power outages and load shedding.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev Uganda gives methodological, technical and financial support in the fields of energy policy, promotion of improved biomass technologies, rural electrification and energy efficiency. The project offers advice on developing sector investment plans for renewable energies and energy efficiency. Further activities aim to implement a legal framework for energy funding. The country project is comprised of five components: improved cookstoves (ICS), solar systems, grid densification, and micro hydropower (MHP) and, as of 2015, biogas.

EnDev Uganda facilitates the expansion of ICS production and sales by implementing improved marketing approaches, capacity building of various kinds, quality control and financing modalities. There is huge (unused) potential for distributing ICSs in Uganda. The ICS component supports research and development in the field of stove efficiency and promotes an improved charcoal value chain. EnDev also supports commercial stove producers in urban areas and training stove artisans in rural areas.

EnDev Uganda’s rural electrification component supports the development of rural markets for PV products. It fosters the electrification of social institutions through both solar power and grid densification in cooperation with the Ugandan Rural Electrification Agency. To increase the electricity production, EnDev improves vocational training of solar technicians and provides training of trainers for energy audits in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), public buildings and industries. The project further supports the extension of mini-grids and develops energy efficiency standards and efficiency awareness campaigns.

The country project implemented two MHP projects in Suam and Bwindi for the last years. Bwindi was successfully handed over to the Ugandan Rural Electrification Agency  (REA). EnDev is currently making last adjustments to the Suam hydro plant in order to hand it over to REA, too.


EnDev’s measures in Uganda have led to the creation of over 100 long-term full-time jobs – mostly through the components for improved biomass usage and energy efficiency. Institutions and SMEs are reporting monetary savings from using ICSs or ovens while households using ICSs also save time and money. Households and SMEs using solar home systems reported reduced expenditures on paraffin and phone charging. SHS for households allow lighting, use of radio or TV and charging mobile phones while schools and health centres benefit from improved conditions (lighting after sunset, cooling of medication etc.). As as result of EnDev’s interventions, almost 17,000 tonnes of firewood and more than 18,000 tonnes of CO2 are saved per year.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.