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Solar Power, Improved Cooking

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Technologies solar home systems (SHS) picoPV improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 November 2005 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 June 2009 -
May 2019
Partners Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources / Ministry of Environment and Forests / Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) / Bangladesh Bondhu Foundation (BBF) / Private companies / NGOs
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2017) Access to electricity:
  • 2,628,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 4,008,000 people

Access to modern energy services:

  • 35 social institutions
  • 657 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring

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Energy Situation

About 80% of the population of Bangladesh lives in rural areas. The rural economy is characterised by slow growth, high unemployment, insufficient infrastructure and widespread poverty. Due to the lack of electricity supply, the rural population relies on biomass mainly from agricultural waste and wood for 70% of their energy consumption.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev-Bangladesh supports the dissemination of solar home systems (SHS). While initially focussing on bigger systems, since 2011 EnDev is concentrating on 10-30 Wp systems (small solar home systems, SSHS). Systems bought from one of the 29 partner organisation of the government-owned Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) receive a buy down grant from EnDev and other donors. A buy down grant per SSHS varies between USD 20-25. A vital market for larger SHS is almost completed: average monthly sales figures increased manifold since 2012.

PicoPV systems (1-10 Wp) are already available on the market in Bangladesh, however, poor quality products dominate and spoil the image and prospects of such systems. EnDev Bangladesh is introducing a results-based financing (RBF) approach to raise awareness for quality through consumer information and systematic introduction of good quality picoPV systems. Such systems that fulfil certain minimum quality and performance requirements will be eligible for a results-based subsidy whose amount depends on the system’s lighting performance parameters. Import taxes on small solar PV products have been reduced from 150% to only 35%. 3,000 systems were sold during a field trial to test the supply chain, including kerosene vendors.

EnDev-Bangladesh supports the distribution of improved cookstoves (ICS) and is working with dozens of partner organisations and 3,900 SMEs who produce and sell ICS to households. EnDev supports training for trainers of stove builders and sales/marketing staff, provides support for the marketing of ICS, and introduces quality assurance and monitoring mechanisms. Each cook stove sold within this scheme receives subsidy by the Ministry of Environments and Forests. 500 stove promoters and 600 women working as promotional volunteers are in the field. The number of participating stove manufacturers has been increased by 60% during the first half of 2013.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.