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Solar Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies solar systems grid densification improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 May 2005 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
February 2018
Partners Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy (MoE) / Electricidade de Mozambique (EdM) / Fundo de Energia (FUNAE) / Provincial departments / Micro finance institutes (MFIs) / NGOs / private sector / universities
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 191,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 367,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 9 social institutions
  • 51 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Energy Situation

Mozambique, with its population of about 26.5 million people, belongs to the poorest countries in the world. The Human Development Index (HDI) 2015 ranks Mozambique 180 out of 188 countries. The rural-urban gap and income disparity have considerably increased since 2010. Although being one of the larger energy producers in the region, the energy situation in the country remains challenging. More than 90% of the generated power is exported through the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), leaving the national energy demand unsatisfied. Albeit national efforts to increase the electrification rate have shown success bringing the rate up from 5% in 2011 to 26% in 2015, only 5.7% of the rural population uses electricity for lighting and more than 95% use traditional biomass to satisfy their cooking energy needs today.

For more information see energypedia.


In accordance with the core competences of the EnDev programme, EnDev Mozambique focuses on creating functional (market) structures following a bottom-up approach that enables the project to leverage its experience and influence top-down decision making processes on government level.

Poor households in peri-urban areas located close to existing low-voltage power lines are supported obtaining a grid connection. EnDev Mozambique works through agreements with Electricidade de Mocambique (EdM) on grid densification in selected areas. EdM subcontracts local companies to connect a certain number of preselected households. EnDev offers a subsidy to poor households reducing the connection costs while at the same time creating awareness, supporting credit-based payment schemes and fostering the use of efficient light bulbs.

In the field of picoPV and solar home systems (SHS) the project works closely with the private sector on all levels along the value chain. Technical and business training is offered to importers, wholesalers and retailers of solar products while networking and business relationships are facilitated between them. Efforts are being made to support new distribution channels in rural areas with new partners, where EnDev´s role is to assist the private sector with overcoming initial market entry barriers.

EnDev Mozambique supports the implementation of the Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST). Markets for improved cookstoves (ICS) are strengthened following a fully commercial approach working with local NGOs as implementers. The focus is on comparatively highly populated areas to make best use of economies of scale. In a gradual process the support of the NGOs is reduced and the market is left to operate autonomously. Small entrepreneurs continue to be supported with training, awareness campaigns, marketing and access to finance for end-users. The general approach varies in its concrete implementation according to the strengths of the respective NGO, the area, and target group.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.

If you are interested in success stories from the country project, see here.