|Technologies||solar systems battery charging systems|
|EnDev 1|| December 2006 - |
|EnDev 2|| April 2009 - |
|Partners||Ministère de l'Energie et de l'Eau / Agence Malienne pour le Développement de l'Energie Domestique et de l'Electrification Rurale (AMADER)|
|Outcomes (12/2016)||Access to electricity:
Access to modern cooking energy:
Access to modern energy services
Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring
Since the year 2000, the sector of rural energy has been actively promoted by the government in Mali. The agency for rural electrification (AMADER) was created for this purpose and has stimulated the installation of local networks. In 2007, a special agency for bioenergy, ANADEB, was established and, in 2015, another agency focusing on renewable energy, AER, followed. Given these developments on the side of the government, supported by multiple donors and NGOs, the access to (renewable) electricity in rural areas has gone up from 1% in 2000 to about 20% in 20161. The overall electrification rate for Mali is 34.8%2, while in rural areas it is estimated around 20%3. Many of the developments up until now have focused on short term results. Access is partly served through mini grids, and partly by either solar lanterns, individual systems or car batteries to cover some basic electrical needs like lighting, charging mobile phones, fans, and radio.
For more information see energypedia.
Over the last seven years, EnDev Mali focused on PV-driven communal battery charging stations to provide basic electricity services to households, assuming that the national grid will not be available in rural areas for a long time to come. The stations remain property of the communes. These select a private service provider which operates the facilities on fee-for-service basis. EnDev also provided stand-alone PV systems to electrify communal social infrastructure (schools, health posts, city halls and solar street lights) and improve the service delivery of local administrations. For this, EnDev designed pilot mini grids and the accompanying business plan, and obtained permission for required tarification. Fees charged for communal services (health care, schools and administrative costs) are partly deposited into revolving funds to cover the running costs for maintenance and replacement, which is carried out by the charging stations' service provider.
With declining prices of PV panels over the last years, people that previously could just afford a battery, now often can afford a PV panel too, thus creating their own individual energy supply. EnDev consequently reoriented its focus and facilitates distribution of small PV devices (so-called picoPV: solar lanterns and small plug-and-play individual systems), aiming to promote a basic distribution network for quality solar products and installations in rural Mali. This approach includes the lease-purchase of SHS and their components, in which the system will eventually become property of the leaseholder. Training is included in order to improve existing and to create new installations.
The battery charging stations that were erected earlier convert over time into profitable multi-service energy kiosks which will further promote the sales of picoPV products. They are also going to diversify their product range by adding electric chargers, fans, lamps, and by adding additional services through a solar fridge and AC connection. The energy kiosks are moreover expected to turn into ‘knowledge centres’ where operators are trained in handling and maintaining installations.
In its current project phase, the project sets up solar-diesel hybrid mini grids in some bigger villages as a pilot for possible other hybrid installations or transformations of existing unprofitable diesel mini-grids. Last but not least, EnDev also plans to implement activities in post-conflict areas of Northern Mali, specifically in the region Gao.
1 AMADER, 2016, 2 SE4All, 2015, 3 AMADER, 2016