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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Improved Cooking

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Technologies solar systems hydro power improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 May 2005 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
April 2019
Partners Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE), Ministry of Health, governmental institutions, local and international NGOs, business and development associations, universities
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 360,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 748,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 534 social institutions
  • 2,900 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Energy Situation

Ethiopia has the second highest hydro power potential of Africa. It is estimated that about 30,000 MW, equivalent to 162 TWh per year, is economically feasible. This is 40 times more than the total generation capacity of Ethiopia in 2010. On the other hand, only 14% of Ethiopia’s population has access to electricity, in rural areas only 1%. 94% of the energy consumption comes from biomass, leading to an annual deforestation of about 200,000 hectares. This exceeds sustainable yields by far and has negative environmental impacts.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev Ethiopia promotes household electrification through pico hydro power and micro hydro power plants, by providing technical assistance and introducing appropriate low-cost designs for hydro power. The country project trains local scouts to promote hydro power and assist municipalities in identifying and developing suitable sites for new plants in rural areas as well as old water mills that can be rehabilitated and upgraded. EnDev provides financial resources to cover parts of the investment costs. The local community contributes with civil works, such as constructing the canal or the headrace, installing the penstock, and building the machinery house and roads. EnDev selects the personnel to do the installation of the machinery, the supervision of the civil works and the wiring. Partners from local institutions were sent to Indonesia to be trained in turbine manufacturing. The country project also promotes a feed-in tariff law.

EnDev Ethiopia promotes and finances the hardware and installation of PV systems at rural health centres. The tables for the panels, the panel frames and the installation material are produced or bought locally. Local companies are responsible for the installation and maintenance of PV systems. The country project trains solar technicians and technicians from the regional health bureaus on simple repairs and trains the users in proper use and maintenance of the system, in cooperation with partner organisations.

EnDev Ethiopia supports the dissemination of improved cookstoves (ICS) to reduce fuel consumption by raising awareness and establishing a network of stove producers. It also helps with stove business start-up and provides marketing support by training local stove producers and fostering marketing local marketing campaigns. A results-based financing (RBF) scheme is being piloted to foster ICS dissemination to rural areas through agricultural and energy cooperatives in the two regions of Oromia and Tigray. This RBF scheme shall encourage cooperatives to engage in the ICS retailing business to rural households. Further, EnDev supports firewood planting by communities and the private sector and offers capacity building in technical and business management of energy experts working at different structural levels (government, NGOs, private sector).


Social Institutions, households and small to medium sized enterprises benefit from access to electricity and modern cooking energy. The production of ICS has become a worthwhile business for several producers. An additional 48 PV systems in health centres and eight micro hydro power plants installed in the upcoming months is expected.

If you are interested in success stories from the country project, see here.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.

Co-Financed By

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