Bolivia

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Solar Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies grid extension hydro power solar home systems (SHS) picoPV improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 September 2005 -
September 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
December 2016
Partners Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energy / Vice Ministry for Electricity and Alternative Energy / NGOs / Municipalities / Communities / Business Associations / Cooperatives / Electricity Utilities
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 346,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 322,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 2,800 social institutions
  • 13,500 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring



Title-bolivia.jpg

Energy Situation

Bolivia has one of the lowest electrification rates in Latin America with only 53% of its rural population having access to electricity. In the last 20 years, the demand for electricity has risen dramatically, leading to a series of outages and unsatisfied demand. Traditional use of biomass (wood, dung, charcoal and agricultural residues) represents nearly 70% of the total energy consumption by rural households and is mainly used for cooking.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

The strategy of EnDev Bolivia is demand-driven and based on the principle of mobilisation of local resources with the direct participation and involvement of beneficiaries and/or implementing partners. EnDev Bolivia works at all government levels and has partnerships with a multitude of international and local foundations, cooperatives, NGOs and companies. The project helps its partners to design policies and financing mechanisms that improve access to energy. It also promotes the training of producers and retailers to provide innovative modern energy products and services, and to open up markets for efficient stoves and Pico PV. Furthermore, the project assists the stakeholders in raising awareness through public relations campaigns. These address issues such as indoor air pollution, productive energy use and safe domestic electrical installations. With support from EnDev Bolivia, partner organisations are also advising financial institutions that offer loans to producers, retailers and households.

EnDev supports the densification of the existing grid through a partial subsidy for the connection. Local technicians are trained to improve the quality and safety of indoor electricity installation. Where grid connection is not available, EnDev provides technical assistance for the installation of PV systems and solar water heaters. The country project provides subsidies and technical assistance to farmers, including small-scale pumps for irrigation, electricity for drying or toasting to improve incomes. EnDev also supports commercial stove producers and introduces stoves to NGOs and local installers through partial subsidies, and fosters awareness campaigns on advantages of efficient stoves.

Impacts

EnDev Bolivia is very successful, in part because the project provides a wide range of services to meet the different needs of households, social institutions and smallholder farmers. The impacts are manifold: ICSs save up to 50% of fuel and indoor air pollution is reduced significantly. PV systems at schools allow classrooms to be used in the evenings. Thermal solar systems in health centres and schools improve hygiene and conditions of patient care. The strong government support and the excellent cooperation with NGOs and the private sector have contributed significantly to the fast progress of EnDev Bolivia activities.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.