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Solar Power, Improved Cooking

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Technologies picoPV improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 September 2005 -
September 2009
EnDev 2 December 2012 -
September 2020
Partners Ministry of Energy and Minerals / TAREA (Tanzania Renewable Energy Association) / Local NGOs / Solar companies / Food vendors
Implementers GIZ, SNV
Outcomes (12/2017) Access to electricity:
  • 335,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 286,000 people

Access to modern energy services:

  • 0 social institutions
  • 202 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Stage 2 of the Solar Market Development in Lake-Central Zones: Call for Pre-Qualification for solar products (2019-2020)
EnDev, through its implementation partner SNV, invites applications from eligible solar companies to pre-qualify for the supply of quality solar products. The RBF Fund includes EUR 1.5 million in RBF incentives available to the private sector and is focused on solar picoPV products. Its targeted geographic areas are the rural districts of six Lake Zone regions and four Central Zone regions.

The RBF Fund is open to receiving applications through multiple intake rounds until March 2020. For more information, see here. The deadline for this round of intake is Friday, 27 July 2019, 2:00 PM East African Time (EAT).
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Energy Situation

In Tanzania, 80% of national energy consumption is directed to domestic use, such as cooking and lighting. Most Tanzanians rely on inefficient stoves or the traditional 3-stone method for cooking and kerosene lamps for lighting. These inefficient technologies consume at least 33% of a typical families’ monthly income.

In 2007, more than 95% of Tanzanian households cooked with biomass fuels, up from 92% in 2001. While urban biomass consumption in the form of charcoal has increased, firewood is still the dominant biomass fuel used by 73.1% of predominantly rural Tanzanians. Electricity represents only 0.6% of total energy consumption and it is estimated that less than 18% of all citizens have access to commercial electricity. Rural energy service delivery continues to be one of the most significant development challenges for Tanzania. While 3 out of 4 Tanzanians live in rural areas, only 6% of them have access to electricity. Against this background, it is expected that electricity demand will triple by 2020.

For more information see energypedia.


The Tanzania Improved Cook Stove (TICS) Programme introduces and promotes appropriate cooking technology options to currently underserved biomass consumers – households using rural firewood using and small commercial food vendors using charcoal. The programme supports the development of a viable production, marketing and supply chain for portable and fixed models of newly developed ‘Matawi’ ceramic stoves in rural and peri-urban areas of Mwanza Region. In the urban environs of Mwanza TICS further supports small and medium scale ICS manufacturers to diversify their production to include multi-spot charcoal ICS intended for commercial food vending market. Practical business development services are coupled with business to business relation brokering that enables independent and sustainable ICS enterprise growth throughout the supply and marketing chain. EnDev Tanzania supports tangible marketing activities that aim to stimulate consumer interest, awareness and confidence in newly available ICS options.

In parallel, EnDev Tanzania supports the establishment of a market for picoPV in rural areas of Tanzania’s Lake Zone. This Results-Based Financing for PicoPV solar project aims to improve market access to and use of quality pre-electrification pico-solar devices for rural and off-grid households. This is to be achieved via a strengthened import supplier to end retailer distribution. Central to the programme is the establishment of a temporary financial product within mainstream banking that is accessible to import-suppliers actively engaged in distribution chain development. The nature of the financial product will be to provide after delivery incentive payments on each unit of verified picoPV solar units after they are sold under the programme framework to rural consumers by certified import-suppliers. The incentive payments is limited in time and proportional to the performance (lumen hours) of the product sold.

EnDev steers the design, development and implementation of the market available RBF Financial Product in cooperation with the hosting Financial Institution of the RBF Fund. The country project coordinates 3rd party on-site verification of picoPV suppliers, end retailers and consumers in the validation and transaction of RBF Fund claims made by the private sector. Further, EnDev coordinates multiple stakeholders in transparent operation and analyses market-actor behaviour resulting from the introduction of RBF Financial Product into the supply chain.

Both approaches are implemented by SNV in cooperation with GIZ.


To get a better impression of how  EnDev Tanzania's work is changing people's lives, please see these short videos:

Elizabeth Mukwimba – one of the latest investors in solar technology

Mama Shigella - A TICS clean cookstoves business owner

 Omary Komba - A steel worker now producing clean cookstoves

 Hussein Benjamin - A TICS cookstove entrepreneur

Hassan Bussiga - A TICS Project Manager in Tanzania

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.

If you are interested in success stories from the country project, see here.