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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Biogas

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Technologies solar systems hydro power biogas digesters
EnDev 1 May 2006 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
June 2019
Partners Rwanda Energy Group (REG) – Energy Development Company Limited (EDCL) / Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) / private sector
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2017) Access to electricity:
  • 220,500 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 10,500 people

Access to modern energy services:

  • 0 social institutions
  • 0 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


EnDev launched a Call for Interested Project Developers to trigger national market development for off-grid energy access.

Distributors of Lighting Global or Rwanda Standards Board certified multi-light Solar Home System (SHS) products can apply for receiving financial incentives from the RBF fund. For more information and access to the application form, please click here.

More information on the criteria for eligible technologies and the required documents for both calls can be retrieved on our partner's website.
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Energy Situation

85% of Rwanda’s overall energy comes from biomass, 11% from petroleum products and 4% from hydro for electricity. The main consumers of biomass are households using it for cooking, whereas other energy sources are predominantly used for transport, electricity generation and industrial production. In 2016, only about 24% of the population had access to electricity. The country had about 190 MW installed generation capacity with hydro representing 51% of the electricity mix, thermal 28%, Methane 16% and Solar 5%.

For more information see energypedia.


EnDev Rwanda is implementing two projects – the PSP Hydro project and a Results-Based Financing programme. Under the PSP Hydro project (Private Sector Participation in Micro-Hydro Power for Rural Development), EnDev Rwanda works with the private sector to facilitate the development of micro hydro power (MHPP) plants. EnDev Rwanda supports private project developers through technical, financial and business advice. In addition, it supports the Ministry of Infrastructure, the Rwanda Energy Group (REG) and other authorities in establishing a suitable regulatory framework and favourable conditions for such. The project developers are completely responsible for the success of their projects and must contribute at least 15% financing of the total costs through their own equity, and may take up a commercial bank loan. EnDev Rwanda contributes a grant of on average 25% of the investment cost.

The country project provides business management training for private project developers, further technical support on feasibility studies, construction works, and proper maintenance as well as limited financial support to investment cost. EnDev carries out studies and provides technical advice to government institutions to strengthen the private sector approach. Thanks to these efforts the first three privately operated micro hydro power plants of Rwanda (96-500 kW) are reliably supply electricity to the grid. Four more MHPP projects have received funding commitments and are currently under development.

EnDev Rwanda is also piloting an intervention for solar lighting and village grids through the implementation of two Result-Based Financing (RBF) projects for decentralised energy solutions. This programme is designed to kick-start the development of markets for off-grid renewable energy products. Under the solar lighting component, private sector companies receive a financial incentive for selling solar lamps to customers in rural areas. Under the village grid component, companies receive a financial incentive covering part of their investment costs as well as top-up for every customer successfully connected to a privately run grid powered by renewable energy. The programme is implemented by a Rwandese bank which received trainings on renewable energy and RBF.

Until 2011, EnDev Rwanda supported the biogas sector through the implementation of digesters to supply rural households with biogas for cooking. The target group for the domestic biogas programme were households in rural areas that own cattle in a stable near the homestead. EnDev supported the National Domestic Biogas Programme through technical advice and partial subsidies for such digesters.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.

In 2018, EnDev Rwanda updated its report with that takes a comprehensive look at the status of the Rwandan off-grid sector, which can be downloaded here.