|Technologies||grid extension solar home systems (SHS)improved cookstoves (ICS)|
|EnDev 1|| May 2005 - |
|EnDev 2|| April 2009 - |
|Partners||Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) / Rural Electrification Agency (REA) / National and local agencies / NGOs / Private companies|
|Outcomes (12/2016)||Access to electricity:
Access to modern cooking energy:
Access to modern energy services
Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring
Uganda meets more than 93% of its energy demand with biomass, 6% with fossil fuel combustion and only 1% with electricity from hydro and fossil fuelled thermal power plants. Only about 10% of the population has access to electricity, and in rural areas, it’s less than 5%. The demand for firewood for cooking exceeds natural reproduction, leading to deforestation. Despite the quickly rising electricity demand, generation capacities have shrunk. Further electricity transmission is inefficient and the country suffers a lack of power import channels. This leads to regular power outages and load shedding.
For more information see energypedia.
EnDev Uganda gives methodological, technical and financial support in the fields of energy policy, promotion of improved biomass technologies, rural electrification and energy efficiency. The project offers advice on developing sector investment plans for renewable energies and energy efficiency. In Uganda, EnDev comprises three key components: (1) improved cookstoves (ICS), (2) picoPV and solar home systems (SHS), and (3) grid densification.
The ICS component follows two approaches: using synergies with other implementing organisations and developing the private sector. For the first one,EnDev provides technical expertise (i.e. concept development, certified trainers, stove manuals, moulds) to build capacity of rural stove artisans, to ensure quality control and EnDev provides awareness and marketing support. The partner organisation takes care of logistics, selection of trainees and assists with future monitoring and on-ground support. EnDev has trained numerous rural stove artisans to produce and sell rural firewood stoves, and further links these to the partner organisation’s network to ensure sustainable growth of supply.
As a second pillar, EnDev supports Ugandan stove manufacturing companies. In 2014 EnDev Uganda, in cooperation with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development, launched the nation-wide quality stove brand Good Stove – Better Cooking, currently the only quality seal for improved cookstoves in Uganda. Companies whose stoves comply with the brand’s quality requirements can qualify for branding of their stoves and receive additional support, such as tailor-made capacity development measures, awareness and marketing campaigns, and quality control.
The country project supports solar companies in the dissemination of SHS and picoPV for households, social institutions, and SMEs. EnDev supports its partner companies in the implementation of different end user financing schemes, establishment of decentralised sales points and implementation of awareness campaigns. While EnDev Uganda promotes picoPV systems as entry point for end-users to get acquainted with solar technology, the focus lies on facilitating access to SHS that suit each household’s demand and considerably improves their quality of life.
Lastly, EnDev Uganda cooperates with the Rural Electrification Agency (REA) in grid densification activities. The current focus is on targeting no-pole connections: households in communities that are close enough to be connected to the national grid but who have failed to connect completely relying on their own means for more than a year are supported in the process of connecting to the national grid.
As additional and complementary component, EnDev started implementing a Cooking Energy sector support project in 2016. EnDev Uganda aims at supporting the sector coordination under the Uganda National Alliance on Clean Cooking (UNACC) and the alignment of its strategy to strengthen the cleaner cooking market. UNACC is a membership based association, supported by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves.
EnDev’s measures in Uganda have led to the creation of more than 100 long-term full-time jobs – mostly through the components for improved biomass usage and energy efficiency. Institutions and SMEs are reporting monetary savings from using ICSs or ovens while households using ICSs also save time and money. Households and SMEs using solar home systems reported reduced expenditures on paraffin and phone charging. SHS for households allow lighting, use of radio or TV and charging mobile phones while schools and health centres benefit from improved conditions (lighting after sunset, cooling of medication etc.). As as result of EnDev’s interventions, 30,000 tonnes of firewood and more than 22,000 tonnes of CO2 are saved per year.
The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.