Uganda

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Solar Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies grid extension solar home systems (SHS)improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 May 2005 -
June 2009
EnDev 2 April 2009 -
August 2018
Partners Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD) / Rural Electrification Agency (REA) / National and local agencies / NGOs / Private companies
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 112,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 465,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 648 social institutions
  • 1,100 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring


Title-uganda.jpg

Energy Situation

Uganda meets more than 93% of its energy demand with biomass, 6% with fossil fuel combustion and only 1% with electricity from hydro and fossil fuelled thermal power plants. Only about 10% of the population has access to electricity, and in rural areas, it’s less than 5%. The demand for firewood for cooking exceeds natural reproduction, leading to deforestation. Despite the quickly rising electricity demand, generation capacities have shrunk. Further electricity transmission is inefficient and the country suffers a lack of power import channels. This leads to regular power outages and load shedding.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

EnDev Uganda gives methodological, technical and financial support in the fields of energy policy, promotion of improved biomass technologies, rural electrification and energy efficiency. The project offers advice on developing sector investment plans for renewable energies and energy efficiency. In Uganda, EnDev comprises three key components: (1) improved cookstoves (ICS), (2) picoPV and solar home systems (SHS), and (3) grid densification.

The ICS component follows two approaches: using synergies with other implementing organisations and developing the private sector. For the first one,EnDev provides technical expertise (i.e. concept development, certified trainers, stove manuals, moulds) to build capacity of rural stove artisans, to ensure quality control and EnDev provides awareness and marketing support. The partner organisation takes care of logistics, selection of trainees and assists with future monitoring and on-ground support. EnDev has trained numerous rural stove artisans to produce and sell rural firewood stoves, and further links these to the partner organisation’s network to ensure sustainable growth of supply.

As a second pillar, EnDev supports Ugandan stove manufacturing companies. In 2014 EnDev Uganda, in cooperation with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development, launched the nation-wide quality stove brand Good Stove – Better Cooking, currently the only quality seal for improved cookstoves in Uganda. Companies whose stoves comply with the brand’s quality requirements can qualify for branding of their stoves and receive additional support, such as tailor-made capacity development measures, awareness and marketing campaigns, and quality control.
GIZ Lisa Fingerhut 2015 Uganda SESSA stove factory Kampala.JPG

The country project supports solar companies in the dissemination of SHS and picoPV for households, social institutions, and SMEs. EnDev supports its partner companies in the implementation of different end user financing schemes, establishment of decentralised sales points and implementation of awareness campaigns. While EnDev Uganda promotes picoPV systems as entry point for end-users to get acquainted with solar technology, the focus lies on facilitating access to SHS that suit each household’s demand and considerably improves their quality of life.

Lastly, EnDev Uganda cooperates with the Rural Electrification Agency (REA) to achieve 13.000 newhousehold grid connections under the Sub-Saharan Africa Grid Densification Challenge Fund. The focus is on no-pole connections: households within communities in close proximity to the national grid who have failed to connect solely relying on their own means for more than a year, are supported in the grid connection process.

As additional and complementary component, EnDev implements a Cooking Energy sector support project. EnDev Uganda aims at supporting the sector coordination under the Uganda National Alliance on Clean Cooking (UNACC) and the alignment of its strategy to strengthen the cleaner cooking market. UNACC is a membership based association, supported by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves.
Furthermore EnDev Uganda is setting up a refugee energy access pilot project in North-Western Uganda. Uganda is currently hosting more than 1.2 million refugees, with access to clean, safe and sustainable energy being one of the major challenges encountered by refugees. The pilot hence seeks to evaluate whether and to what extent market-based approaches can be successfully implemented in the refugee context to facilitate sustainable access to modern energy services for both refugees and host communities.

Impacts

EnDev’s measures in Uganda have led to the creation of '65'long-term full-time jobs – mostly through the components for improved biomass usage and energy efficiency. Institutions and SMEs are reporting monetary savings from using ICSs or ovens while households using ICSs also save time and money. Households and SMEs using solar home systems reported reduced expenditures on paraffin and phone charging. SHS for households allow lighting, use of radio or TV and charging mobile phones while schools and health centres benefit from improved conditions (lighting after sunset, cooling of medication etc.). As as result of EnDev’s interventions, 34,000 tons of firewood and more than 26,000 tons of CO2 are saved per year.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.