Access to modern cooking energy for poor and vulnerable groups in Mozambique and Malawi

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Improved Cooking Malawi, Mozambique

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Technologies improved cookstoves (ICS)
Partners Malawian Ministry of Gender, Children, Disability and Social Welfare, Mozambican Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes Access to modern cooking:
  • 67,000 people

Title-Stoves for the poor.jpg

Energy Situation

The majority of households in Malawi and Mozambique use wood as primary cooking energy, especially in rural areas. In Malawi, a staggering 99 % of household energy is supplied by biomass. This, with increasing population growth, is exerting significant pressure on the country’s forest resources, leading to forest degradation and deforestation. In Mozambique, forest resources satisfy more than 95 % of energy supply in rural areas. Both countries show a very underdeveloped market for improved cookstoves and lack a network of rural sales outlets.

For more information on Malawi and Mozambique see their respective pages on energypedia.


This results-based financing (RBF) project seeks to foster stove markets in rural areas, home of large part of the population of both countries. Improved cookstove markets have hardly developed in rural areas. This is due to the fact that the rural population typically collects firewood and does not see a financial benefit in investing their scarce cash in efficient cookstoves. High logistical costs for make it additionally difficult for stoves markets to penetrate deeply into rural areas. The rationale of the RBF project is to reach pre-identified poor and vulnerable groups benefitting from national social programmes that would not get access to clean cooking via market mechanisms. To reach these “poorest of the poor”, the stove sales price will be substantially subsidized on the consumer level. The vision is that through the RBF project more efficient, cleaner and safer cooking technologies will become known amongst rural population, therefore building the basis for the development of commercially viable and sustainable markets in rural areas.

In Malawi, the project combines an RBF approach with the national social cash transfer (SCT) programme. Over a four-year period 82,000 SCT programme beneficiaries – which represent the poorest population in the country – will receive a locally produced Chitetezo Mbaula stove for free. In parallel to the free stove distribution, 18,000 households are to be reached in the same areas through sales of the stove. This is to stimulate a sustainable commercial market for the stove producers and sales persons in the targeted rural areas.

In Mozambique, the NGO Welthungerhilfe will act as the main RBF implementer. The objective of the project is to provide victims of previous flood disasters in Zambezia, Sofala, Manica, Inhambane and Gaza provinces with industrially produced highly efficient cookstoves. The families will receive the stoves at highly subsidized rates; the prize, however, being slightly above the rate of traditional cookstoves. Besides reaching the poorest strata of the population the project aims at creating the basis for a sustainable market. This shall be reached by making the technology known in rural areas, the sustainability of sales shall be achieved through carbon financing mechanisms.

Further Information

To learn more about the results-based financing (RBF) mechanism, see here.