Rwanda

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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Biogas

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Technologies solar systems hydro power biogas digesters
EnDev 1 May 2006 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
June 2019
Partners Rwanda Energy Group (REG) – Energy Development Company Limited (EDCL) / Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) / private sector
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 52,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 14,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 5 social institutions
  • 27 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring

RBF COUNTRY CALL FOR PROPOSALS

EnDev launched two calls for proposals to trigger national market development for off-grid energy access:

  1. Call for Interested Project Developers - Sale of solar lighting products to end-users. With RBF support, a total of 328,000 solar lights are expected to be sold over the duration of the project life. You can find the call for proposals and the criteria for eligible solar lamps with more detailed information here.
  2. Call for Interested Project Developers - The RBF fund provides financial incentives to private companies that are investing in village grids in remote rural areas of Rwanda. Companies can apply by submitting a sound project proposal. The call is open from 15 December 2016 until 31 March 2017. UOB will sign contracts with accepted companies; and the incentive is paid after commissioning and verification of the village grid. The available grant funds for this call reach up to EUR 750,000 (not per project). A single company or investor cannot, even for multiple projects, receive more than EUR 250,000 of funding. More information can be found here.



Title-rwanda.jpg

Energy Situation

85% of Rwanda’s overall energy comes from biomass, 11% from petroleum products and 4% from hydro for electricity. The main consumers of biomass are households using it for cooking, whereas other energy sources are predominantly used for transport, electricity generation and industrial production. In 2016, only about 24% of the population had access to electricity. The country had about 190 MW installed generation capacity with hydro representing 51% of the electricity mix, thermal 28%, Methane 16% and Solar 5%.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

EnDev Rwanda is implementing two projects – the PSP Hydro project and a Results-Based Financing programme. Under the PSP Hydro project (Private Sector Participation in Micro-Hydro Power for Rural Development), EnDev Rwanda works with the private sector to facilitate the development of micro hydro power (MHPP) plants. EnDev Rwanda supports private project developers through technical, financial and business advice. In addition, it supports the Ministry of Infrastructure, the Rwanda Energy Group (REG) and other authorities in establishing a suitable regulatory framework and favourable conditions for such. The project developers are completely responsible for the success of their projects and must contribute at least 15% financing of the total costs through their own equity, and may take up a commercial bank loan. EnDev Rwanda contributes a grant of on average 25% of the investment cost.

The country project provides business management training for private project developers, further technical support on feasibility studies, construction works, and proper maintenance as well as limited financial support to investment cost. EnDev carries out studies and provides technical advice to government institutions to strengthen the private sector approach. Thanks to these efforts the first three privately operated micro hydro power plants of Rwanda (96-500 kW) are reliably supply electricity to the grid. Four more MHPP projects have received funding commitments and are currently under development.

EnDev Rwanda is also piloting an intervention for solar lighting and village grids through the implementation of two Result-Based Financing (RBF) projects for decentralised energy solutions. This programme is designed to kick-start the development of markets for off-grid renewable energy products. Under the solar lighting component, private sector companies receive a financial incentive for selling solar lamps to customers in rural areas. Under the village grid component, companies receive a financial incentive covering part of their investment costs as well as top-up for every customer successfully connected to a privately run grid powered by renewable energy. The programme is implemented by a Rwandese bank which received trainings on renewable energy and RBF.

Until 2011, EnDev Rwanda supported the biogas sector through the implementation of digesters to supply rural households with biogas for cooking. The target group for the domestic biogas programme were households in rural areas that own cattle in a stable near the homestead. EnDev supported the National Domestic Biogas Programme through technical advice and partial subsidies for such digesters.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.