Nicaragua

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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies solar home systems (SHS) grid extension hydro power improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 May 2006 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
December 2018
Partners Ministry of Energy and Mines / NGOs / Communities / Private Enterprises
Implementers GIZ, HIVOS-BUN-CA
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 69,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 5,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 290 social institutions
  • 600 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring



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Energy Situation

About 68% of Nicaragua’s rural population – an estimated 1.8 million people in both urban and rural areas – lacks access to electricity. Off-grid electrification in the dispersed rural areas of Nicaragua has in the past focussed on diesel mini-grids serving some larger villages. Losses of these systems are covered by the state. Recently, large grid extension schemes have been launched for off-grid areas. Hydroelectric and solar home systems have been implemented in some cases.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

EnDev Nicaragua supports household connections to the grid by promoting the National Fund for the Development of the Electricity Industry (FODIEN). The selection criteria for grid extension projects are the economic potential of the village, the proportion of community members who want to be connected, the waiting period for electrification, and the distance to the main grid.

EnDev Nicaragua, in its first phase, promoted household electrification through micro hydro power (MHP) plants. EnDev co-financed MHP plants in several communities. Local contributors construct canals, install penstocks, and build power houses and access roads. In the second phase, EnDev focusses on training and smaller hydropower systems for coffee farms.

EnDev Nicaragua promotes the distribution of solar home systems (SHS) and picoPV systems. EnDev and its partner organisations train local engineers and raise awareness. Organisations in the communities prepare lists of all interested households and collect around 70 - 80% of the price of the solar systems. The company which has won the tender receives 70 - 80% of the total costs (contribution by the client). The equipment is brought to the organisation which then delivers the SHSs to the individual households. A few days later technicians install the systems. During the installation, companies train beneficiaries on how to use the equipment.