Honduras

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Solar Power, Hydro Power, Grid, Improved Cooking

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Technologies solar systems grid extension hydro power improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 February 2006 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
December 2018
Partners Secretaria Tecnica de Planificación y Cooperacion Internacional / Instituto de Conservación y Desarrollo Forestal (ICF) / NGOs / Communities
Implementers GIZ, HIVOS-BUN-CA
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 34,000 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 75,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 258 social institutions
  • 800 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring



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Energy Situation

The main source of primary energy in Honduras is petroleum (53%) followed by renewable combustible and waste (44%) and coal (3%). Residential energy consumption is around 47% of the national consumption. 86% of this comes from biomass, primarily firewood. The estimated annual rate of deforestation is at 62,000 ha per year. Improved cookstoves (ICS) could reduce the firewood demand and energy costs of households.

Honduras has the lowest rural electrification rates in Latin America after Nicaragua. About 54% of the rural population lacks access to electricity. In rural areas, the population is highly dispersed and access to electricity is often difficult, especially in the eastern part of the country. This calls for site specific off-grid solutions such as diesel, solar or hydro power plants.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

EnDev Honduras offers technology transfer of fixed, plancha-type ICS in 15 of the 18 national regions by training local NGOs and cooperatives on how to construct and maintain ICSs. Because of Honduran cooking habits, the ICSs are relatively expensive (ca. 80 USD), so EnDev subsidises costly parts of the stoves. Further, EnDev trains local NGOs in the construction of ICS.

EnDev Honduras supports locally produced micro hydro power plants by local NGOs. The communities are responsible for organisation of an administrative entity which operates and maintains the systems and collects fees. The beneficiaries participate with labour force (equivalent to 20% of the costs). EnDev supports communities in this task.

Another component of EnDev Honduras is the support of grid connections: it also co-finances new connections around existing power lines.

EnDev Honduras promotes solar home systems in the fields for household and social use (education, health and ICT). Productive uses of energy (drying of cacao and coffee, efficient stoves for melasse preparation) are also promoted.