Burkina Faso

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Improved Cooking

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Technologies improved cookstoves (ICS)
EnDev 1 July 2007 -
December 2009
EnDev 2 October 2009 -
December 2018
Partners Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change / Governmental institutions / NGOs / Business associations / Institut de Recherche en Sciences Appliquées et Technologies (IRSAT)
Implementers GIZ
Outcomes (12/2016) Access to electricity:
  • 0 people

Access to modern cooking energy:

  • 1,458,000 people

Access to modern energy services

  • 2,800 social institutions
  • 3,000 SMEs

Figures reflect the non-adjusted sum of EnDev 1 and EnDev 2 outcomes. Read more in EnDev's Monitoring



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Energy Situation

More than 80% of Burkina Faso’s energy supply derives from biomass (mainly firewood and charcoal). In rural areas, nearly all consumed energy is biomass-based. Despite the population growth, there are currently no real firewood shortages in most parts of the country. However, there are specific areas where wood fuel scarcity has had an effect. Rising wood fuel prices in urban areas indicate an increasing problem for those who live in poverty.

For more information see energypedia.

Approach

EnDev Burkina Faso developed a commercial stove strategy after seeing that improved cookstoves (ICS) had already been promoted in the country for many decades without much success. The strategy aims at enabling households to decide for themselves to buy a stove at a price that is profitable enough for the producer to continue offering the product and affordable enough for a large part of the target groups. The producers play a central role in the marketing of the product and the producer associations are instrumental in implementing marketing campaigns. This is why the country project trains ICS producers in technical and marketing skills and supports them to self-organise in associations.

In the current phase, EnDev concentrates on the further expansion of save production and promotion in new villages and towns and the consolidation of already existing supply-demand systems in rural areas. Additionally, EnDev develops the product and production concept for ceramic stoves (for rural areas) and establishes and strengthens a quality control system. The project also focuses on efficient solutions for cooking in social institutions (e.g. schools) and processing agricultural produce (e.g. shea butter, beer brewing).

In addition to the promotion of efficient demand side devices, the piloting of fuelwood tree plantations and the introduction of agro-waste based fuels are key inventions on the fuel supply side.

Impacts

Poor households now spend about 10% less money than before thanks to the ICSs. Professional users see advantages as well: they save 50% of energy, (beer breweries up to 80%) and companies can double their income using the ICSs. Professional users are also reaping health benefits from reducing the amount of smoke and heat generated by the new stoves.

Further Information

The factsheet on this country project is available for download here.